A peasant dependent on a large landowner (including monasteries, churches, even charitable institutions). The colonus (q.v.) of earlier centuries may provide a link to theparoikos, but this has been impossible to demonstrate. The numbers of paroikoi seem to have increased during the 10th century. In the 11th century their status became hereditary, with the recipient assuming all obligations to the landowner. From Romanos I through Basil II (qq.v.) legislation against the dynatoi (q.v.) attempted to deal with the replacement of independent farmers by the growing number of paroikoi. However, by the 13th century paroikoi on large estates increased so much that they replaced independent village communities almost entirely. Pronoia (q.v.) grants could involve the tax revenues and services of paroikoi.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Paroikos — paroikoi pl. ♦ The Greek term used for dependent peasants in the Later Byzantine Empire. (Fine, John V.A. Jr. The Late Medieval Balkans, 625) …   Medieval glossary

  • paroicous — adjective having male and female reproductive organs separate in a single gametoecium • Similar to: ↑monoecious, ↑monecious, ↑monoicous * * * /peuh roy keuhs/, adj. Bot. (of certain mosses) having the male and female reproductive organs beside or …   Useful english dictionary

  • parish — noun Etymology: Middle English parisshe, from Anglo French paroche, parosse, from Late Latin parochia, from Late Greek paroikia, from paroikos Christian, from Greek, stranger, from para + oikos house more at vicinity Date: 14th century 1. a. (1)… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Парики — (от греч. pároikos поселенец, пришелец)         в Византии категория феодально зависимых крестьян в 9 15 вв. В основном делились на частновладельческих и государственных. Первые были наследственными держателями участков земли, принадлежавшей… …   Большая советская энциклопедия

  • Parish — This article is about ecclesiastical administration. For the administrative or civil parish, see Parish (administrative division). For other uses, see Parish (disambiguation). St Margarete Parish Church, Berndorf, Lower Austria, surrounded by… …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantine economy — The Byzantine economy was among the most advanced in Europe and the Mediterranean for many centuries. Constantinople was a prime hub in a trading network that at various times extended across nearly all of Eurasia and North Africa. Some scholars… …   Wikipedia

  • Parroquia (religión) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Parroquia. La parroquia, (del griego paroikos, habitar cerca), es un territorio definido para una comunidad de fieles católicos que está bajo la dirección de un obispo diocesano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Парики — (др. греч. pároikos поселенец, пришелец)  категория зависимых наследственных держателей земли феодала землевладельца, императора или казны в Византии в IX XV вв. В XIII веке в некоторых районах Византии были закрепощены. Принадлежавшие… …   Википедия

  • parish — /par ish/, n. 1. an ecclesiastical district having its own church and member of the clergy. 2. a local church with its field of activity. 3. (in Louisiana) a county. 4. the people of an ecclesiastical or civil parish. 5. Curling. house (def. 20) …   Universalium

  • paroicous — /peuh roy keuhs/, adj. Bot. (of certain mosses) having the male and female reproductive organs beside or near each other. Also, parecious, paroecious /peuh ree sheuhs/. [1885 90; < Gk pároikos dwelling beside, equiv. to par PAR + oîk(os) house +… …   Universalium

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